The Word of God: Inspiration, Inerrancy, Authority, Clarity, Power, and Canonicity
The Nature of God: Knowability, Attributes, and the Trinity
God the Father: Person, Creator, Providence, and Sovereignty
God the Son: Person, Offices, Work, Incarnation, Crucifixion, Resurrection, Ascension, and Exaltation
God the Holy Spirit: Person, Works, Gifts, Indwelling, and Baptism
God’s Created Beings: Creation, Angels, Satan, Demons, Humans in the image of God, Human Nature, and Sin
Salvation: Grace, Election, Reprobation, Union with Christ, Regeneration, Conversion, Justification, Adoption, Baptism, Sanctification, Perseverance, and Assurance
The Church: Nature, Marks, Purity, Unity, Discipline, Offices, Government, Baptism, Lord’s Supper, Worship, Mission, Ministry
Last Things: Death, the Second Coming, Millennium, the Resurrection, Final Judgment, Punishment, The New Heaven and Earth
The Word of God
Inspiration: All Scripture is God-Breathed, because the Holy Spirit inspired, empowered, and directed the biblical authors to compose their writings as the Word of God.
(Matthew 19:4-5; John 10:35, Acts 4:24-26; 1 Corinthians 2:10-12, 2 Timothy 3:16-17; 2 Peter 1:16-21)
Inerrancy: Scripture is true and trustworthy. What scripture reveals is reality. Scripture does not affirm anything false or contradictory.
(Numbers 23:19; Psalms 12:6; 18:30; Proverbs 30:5; John 10:35; 14:26; 16:13; 17:17; Hebrews 6:18)
Authority: Scripture has the right to command what Christians are to believe, do, and be, and to prohibit what they are not to believe, do, and be.
(Deuteronomy 30:15-18; Matthew 5:17-18; 1 Corinthians 2:10-13; 14:37; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; 4:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:15; 3:14; 2 Peter 3:15-16)
Clarity: Scripture can be understood by any of God’s people, as they are aided by the illumination of the Holy Spirit. It is not incomprehensible.
(Deuteronomy 29:29; 30:11-14; Nehemiah 8; Acts 17:10-12; Romans 4:22-24; 10:6-10; 15:4; 1 Corinthians 2:14-16; 10:6-11; 1 Timothy 4:13; 1 Peter 3:1-3)
Power: Scripture has power to accomplish the will of God and effect transformation in the believer and in the world because it is God’s Word.
(Genesis 1:1-3; Psalms 19:7-11; Jeremiah 23:29; Romans 10:17; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 4:12; 1 Peter 1;23-25; 2:2)
Canonicity: The canon is the list of the writings that make up the Bible. The canon is composed of sixty-six books that God sovereignly ordained through the apostles and the life of the early church.
(Luke 24:44; 2 Timothy 3:14-17; 2 Peter 3;15-16; Revelation 22:18)
The Nature of God
Revelation: God can be known by humanity because He has revealed Himself. He has revealed Himself in a general way to all people through creation, morality, and an innate sense of His existence (General Revelation). He has also revealed Himself in a special way to particular people through scripture, historical events, dreams & visions, direct divine speech, and the incarnation of Christ (Special Revelation).
(Deuteronomy 29:29; Job 11:7-8; Psalm 19:1-4; Jeremiah 9:23-24; Matthew 11:27; John 17:3; Acts 14:8-18; Romans 1:18-25; 2:12-16; 1 Corinthians 13:12; 1 John 5:20)
Attributes: The attributes of God are His perfect characteristics that are revealed in the scriptures. These include:
Incommunicable Attributes (characteristics not shared with humanity):
Independence: God’s existence is not contingent or dependent. He self-exists.
Eternity: God is not bound by time, but always exists and transcends time.
Omnipresence: God is present at all places at the same time and transcends space.
Simplicity: God is His nature and His attributes. He is not composed of parts.
Spirituality: God is spirit. He is immaterial and transcends created matter.
Immutability: God is unchanging in His essence, actions, purposes and promises.
(Exodus 3:14; 1 Kings 8:27; Psalms 90:1-4; 102:25-27; 139:7-12; Malachi 3:1; John 4:24; 5:26; Acts 17:24-25; Romans 1:18-25; Ephesians 1:11; 1 Timothy 1:17; 6:15-16; James 1:17)
Communicable Attributes (characteristics shared with humanity):
Knowledge: God is omniscient, meaning He knows all things.
Wisdom: God wills the greatest purposes and plans.
Truthfulness: God never lies but always tells the truth.
Faithfulness: God never goes back on His word, and always fulfills His promises.
Love: God gives of Himself sacrificially and He desires to do so.
Goodness: God is benevolent and kind. God is not evil and does not will evil.
Grace: God grants unmerited favor. He gives good things to undeserving recipients.
Mercy: God has pity on the afflicted even though they are undeserving.
Patience: God gives the gift of withholding punishment. He is slow to anger.
Holiness: God is exalted above all. He transcends all creation in ultimate perfection.
Jealousy: God rightly protects His honor because he is worthy of ultimate allegiance.
Wrath: God intensely hates sin and rightly punishes it severely.
Righteousness/Justice: God is righteous and the perfect standard of morality.
Power: God is all powerful and can do all things that are proper for Him to do.
(Exodus 34:6-7; 2 Samuel 7:18-29; 1 Kings 8:22-30; 1 Chronicles 16:8-36; Psalms 89:1-8; 103:6-14; 139:1-6; Romans 11:33-36; Ephesians 1:11; 1 Timothy 1:17)
The Trinity: The one true God is triune, or three-in-one, eternally existing as the three persons of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The three persons of the Trinity share in one divine nature with the same essence, glory, and power, but are distinct in their personhood, roles, and relations. As the primary agent of action, the Father creates, the Son saves, and the Holy Spirit sanctifies, yet they operate inseparably in their divine unity.
(Genesis 1:26; Deuteronomy 6:4; Psalms 45:6-7; 110:1 Matthew 3:16-17; 28:19; 1 Corinthians 12:4-6; 2 Corinthians 13:14; 1 Peter 1:2)
God the Father
Creation: God brought all things into existence including the universe, this world, all creatures, and human beings for His glory. He creates out of nothing for the purpose of manifesting His Glory. He created the world by speaking it into existence through His Word which is His Son, and with the power of the Holy Spirit. The original creation was very good. As a result of the fall, creation has been subjected to decay and death, but one day it will be completely renewed in a new Heaven and a new Earth.
(Genesis 1; Nehemiah 9:5-6; Psalm 33:6, 9; John 1:1-3; Acts 17 :24-25; Romans 8:18-25; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 11:3; Revelation 4:11; 21:1-22:21)
Providence/Sovereignty: God provides and cares for His creation. He governs and sustains in existence the created world and all it contains, directing it towards its divinely designed end throughout history. He sovereignly rules, ordains, controls, and directs all things while yet collaborating with all created being and realities as they act and occur. His will is not subject to ours, but His divine providence grants His creatures responsibility for our actions and decisions. Therefore, He is not an author nor actor of evil or sin, yet He even reigns over evil to bring about the goodness of His will.
(Genesis 45-50; Nehemiah 9:6; Esther; Psalm 139:13-16; Proverbs 16:4, 33; 19:21; Isaiah 14:24-27; 37:26; 41:22-23; 44:7-8; 46:9-11; Jeremiah 10:23; Matthew 10:29-30; Acts 2:23; 4:27-28; Romans 8:28; Colossians 1:17; Hebrews 1:3)
God the Son
Person: The Son of God, Jesus Christ, is the Second Person of the Trinity, equal with the Father and the Holy Spirit. In the incarnation He took on human nature and became the God-man, fully God and fully man.
(Philippians 2:5-11; Colossians 1:15-20; 1 Timothy 3:16; Titus 2:13; 1 John 4:1-3)
Incarnation: The Son of God took on Himself human flesh, yet without sin, and was made man, without ceasing to be God. He was born of the virgin Mary and thus did not inherit the sin of Adam from the seed of man. Christ’s divinity was not transformed, rather He absorbed the human nature in His personhood in equal measure to His Divinity.
(1 Timothy 2:5; Hebrew 2:14; Romans 5:15; 1 Corinthians 15:21; Romans 8:3; John 1; Matthew 16:12, 26; 26:38; 27:50; Luke 2:35; 23:46; Colossians 2:9)
Offices: The offices of the Son of God are his threefold work of salvation as Prophet, Priest, and King. As Prophet, Jesus reveals God and his ways, as Priest, he mediates between God and His people, and as King He rules over all creation, including humanity.
(Deuteronomy 17:14-20; 18:15-18; Psalms 89:28-35; 110:1-4; Luke 1:32, 35; Acts 3:22-24; 13:22-23, 22; Romans 1:3-4; Ephesians 1:19-23; Hebrews 7-10)
Atonement: The atonement is the sacrificial and salvific death of the Son on the Cross consisting of propitiation, expiation, redemption, reconciliation, and cosmic victory.
Propitiation means Christ received and thus satisfied God’s just wrath towards sin.
Expiation means Christ removed and cleansed the stain of sin completely from the believer.
Redemption means Christ paid the ransom to set the believer free from slavery to sin.
Reconciliation means Christ has made peace between God and man and mended the hostile rift caused by sin.
Cosmic Victory means Christ overcame the evil forces of sin, death, Satan and demons.
(Leviticus 16; Mark 10:45; Romans 3:25-26; 5:8; 8:32; 1 Corinthians 5:7; 2 Corinthians 5:14-21; 8:9; Ephesians 1:7, 10; 5:2, 25; Colossians 1:19-20; 1 Timothy 2:14-15; Hebrews 2:14-15; 9:1-10:39; 1 Peter 1:18-19; 3:18; 1 John 2:2)
Resurrection, Ascension, & Exaltation: After His sacrificial death, Christ experienced bodily resurrection from the dead by the power of the Holy Spirit, ascended to the right hand of the Father, and was seated to rule and reign. His resurrection is evidence of Christ’s deity and the validity of every word he spoke.
(Psalms 16:8-11, 110:1; Isaiah 53:10-12; Matthew 16:21; 28:1-15; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-51; John 20:1-29; Acts 1:6-11; 2:4-36; Romans 6:1-11; 1 Corinthians 15; Ephesians 1:20-23; 2:6-7; 4:7-16; Philippians 2:5-11; 1 Peter 1:3)
God the Holy Spirit
Person: The Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Trinity, equal with the Father and the Son. He is a divine person, not a power, force, or influence.
(Genesis 1:2; Isaiah 11:2; 42:1; 61:1-2; Jeremiah 31:31-34; Ezekiel 36:25-27; Joel 2:28-32; Luke 3:15-17; 24:49; John 1:33; 7-37-39; 14:1-16:33; Acts 1:4-5; 2:1-47; 5:3-4, 9; Romans 8:9)
Works: The Spirit’s work includes speaking, testifying to the truth, namely Christ, illuminating the will and word of God, executing the will of the Father, empowering divine works, applying salvation, indwelling the people of God, and comforting the believer.
(John 3:1-8; 7:37-39; 16:7-11; Acts 2:1-47; Romans 8; 1 Corinthians 12:13; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Galatians 4:4-6; 5:16-25; Ephesians 1:13-14; 4:30; 5:18-21; Titus 3:4-7; 2 Peter 1:19-21)
Gifts: The Holy Spirit gives gifts to the church to foster the church’s growth, to equip the members of the church for ministry, to confirm and spread the gospel message, and to manifest the presence of God.
(Romans 12:4-8; 1 Corinthians 12-14; Ephesians 4:7-16; 1 Peter 4:10-11)
Baptism & Indwelling: The Holy Spirit draws believers to salvation, applying salvation, and empowering the resurrected life. At the moment of salvation, the believer receives the Holy Spirit to indwell within them, to remain, and to seal them for the inevitable completion of sanctification and consequent glorification. Christ is the baptizer, the believer is the one baptized, the Holy Spirit is the element of the baptism, and the purpose is the public incorporation into the church.
(Romans 5:1-5; 8:9-11; 15:13; 1 Corinthians 2:10-14; 3:16; 6:19; 12:13; John 1:33; 7:37-39; 14:16-17, 26; 15:26; 16:7; 1 John 2:27; Luke 3:15-17; 24:49; Acts 4:8, 31;)
God’s Created Beings
Angels, Satan, & Demons: Angels are highly intelligent, morally good, spiritual beings created by God. Angels work as messengers, servants, and worshipers of God. Some angels rebelled against God, lost their original goodness, and now as demons (with Satan as their leader) attempt to combat God and His work. Satan is defeated because of the finished work of Christ, but still seeks to undermine God’s will for creation. God has allowed Satan to do so for a season until the end of days. Christians counter Satan and demons by engaging in spiritual warfare.
(Genesis 3:1-7; Job 1-2; Isaiah 14:13-14; Daniel; Matthew 12:22-32; Acts 10:1-31; 2 Corinthians 12:7; Revelation)
Human Beings in the Image of God: God created human beings in his image, making them, of all created things, the most like Him, and endowing them with significance. This image is marred by sin since the fall of Adam, but was reclaimed perfectly by Christ, and now is being regenerated in Christians. Only the grace of God can bring man into His holy fellowship and enable man to fulfill the creative purpose of God. The sacredness of human personality is evident in that God created man in His own image, and in that Christ died for man; therefore, every person of every race possesses full dignity and is worthy of respect and Christian love. He created them male and female as the crowning work of His creation. The gift of gender is thus part of the goodness of God's creation.
(Genesis 1:26; 5:1-3; 9:6; John 14:8-9; Romans 8-29-30; 1 Corinthians 15:49; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Colossians 3:15; 3:9-10; James 3:9; 1 John 3:2)
Human Nature: The nature of human beings consists of a material aspect (the body) and an immaterial aspect (soul, spirit) united in one person. In life, humans are inseparably embodied beings, in death, humans are temporarily divided beings as the material is left while the immaterial exists in the presence of God, after the resurrection, humans exist forever as embodied beings once again.
(Matthew 10:28; Luke 1:46-47; 1 Corinthians 15; 2 Corinthians 5:1-9; 1 Thessalonians 5:23)
Sin: Sin is any disobedience to the will and commandments of God. Original sin is the state of all human beings at birth, and this permeates their nature and produces sinful thoughts and actions. Through Adam’s disobedience in the garden of Eden, sin has entered the world, disrupted the relationship between God and creation, tainted the nature of all creation, and it requires the punishment of death. Sin has been defeated for the Christian through Christ alone.
(Genesis 3; 2 Samuel 11-12; Psalm 51; Isaiah 1; Ezekiel 8; Hosea; Matthew 12:22-23; 23:1-39; Romans 3:10-18, 23; 5:12-21; 7:7-25; 1 Corinthians 5; James 1:13-15)
The Family: God has ordained the family as the foundational institution of human society. It is composed of persons related to one another by marriage, blood, or adoption.
- - Marriage is the uniting of one man and one woman in covenant commitment for a lifetime. It is God's unique gift to reveal the union between Christ and His church and to provide for the man and the woman in marriage the framework for intimate companionship, the channel of sexual expression according to biblical standards, and the means for procreation of the human race.The husband and wife are of equal worth before God, since both are created in God's image. The marriage relationship models the way God relates to His people. A husband is to love his wife as Christ loved the church. He has the God-given responsibility to provide for, to protect, and to lead his family. A wife is to submit herself graciously to the servant leadership of her husband even as the church willingly submits to the headship of Christ. She, being in the image of God as is her husband and thus equal to him, has the God-given responsibility to respect her husband and to serve as his helper in managing the household and nurturing the next generation.
- - Children, from the moment of conception, are a blessing and heritage from the Lord. Parents are to demonstrate to their children God's pattern for marriage. Parents are to teach their children spiritual and moral values and to lead them, through consistent lifestyle example and loving discipline, to make choices based on biblical truth. Children are to honor and obey their parents.
(Genesis 1:26-28; 2:15-25; 3:1-20; Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 6:4-9; Joshua 24:15; 1 Samuel 1:26-28; Psalms 51:5; 78:1-8; 127; 128; 139:13-16; Proverbs 1:8; 5:15-20; 6:20-22; 12:4; 13:24; 14:1; 17:6; 18:22; 22:6,15; 23:13-14; 24:3; 29:15,17; 31:10-31; Ecclesiastes 4:9-12; 9:9; Malachi 2:14-16; Matthew 5:31-32; 18:2-5; 19:3-9; Mark 10:6-12; Romans 1:18-32; 1 Corinthians 7:1-16; Ephesians 5:21-33; 6:1-4; Colossians 3:18-21; 1 Timothy 5:8,14; 2 Timothy 1:3-5; Titus 2:3-5; Hebrews 13:4; 1 Peter 3:1-7)
Election: Election is God’s purpose regarding the redemption of people. By election God chooses people for salvation and initiates salvation based on His sovereign will and good pleasure, not based on any work of man.
(Acts 13:48; Romans 9:14-24; 11:5-7; Ephesians 1:3-14; 1 Thessalonians 1:4-5; 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14; 1 Timothy 2:4; 2 Timothy 1:9; 1 Peter 2:4-8; 2 Peter 3:9)
Union with Christ: Union with Christ is the mighty work of God to join His people in eternal covenant with the Son, who accomplished our salvation, through the Holy Spirit, who applies our salvation. Through this union, believers are identified with the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ, and they receive all the blessings and inheritance that is due Christ.
(John 14:23; 15:1-5; 17:20-23; Romans 6:1-11; 12:4-5; 1 Corinthians 12:12-27; Galatians 2:20; 3:28; Ephesians 1:3-14; 2:4-7; 3:14-17; Colossians 2:12-13; 3:1-5)
Regeneration: Regeneration means to be born again, and this is the instantaneous work of God in salvation to remove the old sin nature and replace it completely with the new nature that is responsive to God and capable of faith and obedience.
(John 1:9-13; 3:1-8; Ephesians 2:5; Colossians 2:13; Titus 3:5; James 1:8; 1 Peter 1:23-25; 1 John 2:29; 3:9; 4:7; 5:1; 3-4, 18)
Conversion: Conversion describes the human response to the gospel, aided by the Holy Spirit, consisting of repentance of sin and faith in Jesus Christ.
(Genesis 15:6; Jonah 3:1-10; Matthew 3:2; 4:17; Luke 24:47; John 3:16; Acts 2:38; 17:30-31; Romans 3:1-4:25; 10:9; 2 Corinthians 7:9-11; Ephesians 2:8-9; 1 John 5:1)
Justification: Justification is the mighty act of God by which He declares sinful people not guilty but righteous by imputing the perfect righteousness of Christ to them.
(Genesis 15:1-6; Romans 3-8; Galatians 2:15-3:29; Ephesians 2:8-9, 1 Peter 3:18)
Adoption: Adoption is the work of God to take sinful people who are separated from and even enemies of God, and incorporate them as beloved children into His family forever.
(John 1:12; Romans 8:15-17, 21, 29; Galatians 3:26-28; 4:4-7; Ephesians 1:5; 2:13-22; Colossians 1:20-22)
Sanctification: Sanctification is the synergistic work of God in Christians by which a process of ongoing transformation into greater Christlikeness occurs. God’s divine agency empowers, develops, and matures Christians in His time while inviting Christians to partner in obedience to His will.
(John 17:17; Romans 6:1-14; 1 Corinthians 1:2; 6:11; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Ephesians 5:25-27; Philippians 2:12-12; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 10:24-25; 12:14, 23; 13:21; 1 Peter 1:1-2; 2:2)
Perseverance & Assurance: Perseverance is the work of God to preserve Christians by His power through their ongoing faith until their salvation is complete. Assurance of salvation is the feeling of confidence in the Christian that encourages the believer that they are saved throughout their life after coming to faith in Christ.
(John 6:37-40; 10:27-30; Romans 8:16, 28-39; Colossians 1:21-23; Hebrews 2:1-3; 3:12-15; 6:4-9; 7:23-25; 10:26-31; 1 Peter 1:3-9; 2 Peter 2:1-2; 1 John 5:11-13)
Nature: The church is the people of God who have been saved by His grace and incorporated as the community of faith.
(Matthew 16:13-20; Acts 2:1-47; 8:4-25; 9:31; 10:1-11:30; 12:12; 13:1-3; 14:23; Ephesians 1:19-23; 1:1-16; 5:25-29; 1 Peter 2:9-10)
Discipline: Church discipline is the process of rebuking and correcting sinful members for the purpose of restoring them.
(Matthew 18:15-20; Romans 16:17-18; 1 Corinthians 5; 2 Corinthians 2:6-11; Galatians 6:1; 1 Timothy 1:3-4; 5:19-21; Titus 1:9-14; 3:10-11; 1 John 2:18-19; 2 John 9-11)
Offices: Church offices are the authoritative structures for the church’s leadership and service. The two offices are elders and deacons. Elders (or overeseers or pastors) are called to teach, lead, pray, and care for the church. Deacons are called to serve the church and carry out labors that free the Elders to focus on their calling.
(Mark 3:13-15; Acts 1:12-26; 6:1-6; 14:23; Romans 16:1-21; 1 Corinthians 16:15-16; 1 Thessalonians 5:12-13;1 Timothy 3:1-13; 5:17; Titus 1:5-9; Hebrews 13:17; James 5:13-15; 1 Peter 5:1-5)
Government: Government describes the way in which authority is structured in a church. In every church, Christ is the head of the church. Congregationalism is the model in which authority rests in the membership of a local congregation. The congregation delegate that authority by electing certain leaders to the offices of elder, deacon, or committees to steward responsibilities and perform tasks.
(Matthew 16:13-20; Acts 15; 1 Corinthians 14:33, 40; Ephesians 1:19-23; 2:20; 1 Timothy 5:17)
Baptism: Baptism is one of two ordinances that Jesus Christ gave the church, and it is the initiatory celebration of publicly confessing Christ as Lord and entering into the new covenant people of God. The practice of plunging a new believer into the water symbolizes the Christian’s participation in the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ.
(Matthew 3:1-17; 28:19; John 1:24-28; 3:23; 4:1-2; Acts 2:38, 41; 8:12, 36, 38; 10:47-48; 11:16-17; 16:15, 33; 18:8; 19:3-7; Romans 6:1-11; 1 Corinthians 1:16-17; Colossians 2:12; 1 Peter 3:20-21)
Lord’s Supper: The Lord’s Supper is one of two ordinances that Jesus Christ gave the church, and it is the celebration of Christ’s sacrificial death that gave access to being in the new covenant relationship with God. This memorial meal was meant to be shared in unity with the church frequently. The bread symbolizes His body broken for us, and the cup symbolizes the blood poured out for our sins.
(Matthew 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:14-23; John 6:22-71; 1 Corinthians 10:14-22; 11:17-34)
Worship: Worship is the act of acknowledging and adoring God. Worship can broadly describe everything the Christian and the Church does that glorifies God. Worship can also describe the specific and regular activity of Christians gathering corporately according to the prescribed structure of God’s Word.
(1 Kings 5-8; Ezra; Nehemiah; Psalms; Luke 4:16-30; John 4 :23-24; Acts 2:41-47; 20:7; 1 Corinthians 11:17-34; 12:1-14-14:40; 16:2; 2 Corinthians 8-9; Colossians 3:16; 1 Timothy 2:1-2; 4:13)
Death: Death is the cessation of the functioning of the body and its temporary separation from the soul. Death is a penalty for sin. Death is not the end of all existence because the disembodied person continues to exist in an intermediate state, either in hell and torment or the presence of the Lord in joy, until the resurrection.
(Genesis 3:19; Psalm 90; Ecclesiastes 3:1-2; 7:2, 4; 9:2-3; Luke 16:19-31; Romans 6:23; 1 Corinthians 15:21-22; 2 Corinthians 5:1-9; Philippians 1:23; Hebrews 12:23; Revelation 20)
The Second Coming: Jesus Christ will return to earth to bring the fullness of salvation and redemption to his disciples. Christ will return personally, bodily, suddenly, and triumphantly. God has determined the time of the second coming, and humans cannot know it.
(Matthew 24, Mark 13, Luke 21; Acts 1:9-11; 1 Corinthians 1:7; 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 4:13-18; 2 Thessalonians 1:6-7; 2:8; 1 Timothy 6:14; 2 Timothy 4:8; Titus 2:13; Hebrews 9:28; 1 Peter 4:13)
The Resurrection: Resurrection means rising again, with re-embodiment, after death. The resurrection of believers is their glorification, the final mighty act of God in their salvation.
(Job 19:26; Isaiah 26:19; Daniel 12:1-2; John 11:1-44; Romans 8:23; 1 Corinthians 15; 2 Corinthians 5:1-9; Philippians 3:20-21; Colossians 1:18, 22; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 1 John 3:1-3)
Final Judgment: The final judgment is the future, universal, public verdict rendered by Christ in which he will evaluate all human beings and angelic beings.
(Matthew 25:31-46; John 5:19-29; Acts 10:42; 17:30-31; Romans 2:1-11; 1 Corinthians 3:10-15; 6:1-8; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 2 Timothy 4:1; 1 Peter 4:5; Revelation 20)
Punishment: God’s righteous sentence for the unrighteous is punishment in Hell forever.
(Daniel 12:2, Matthew 25:31-46; Mark 9:43-48; 2 Thessalonians 1:9; Revelation 14:14-20; 20:11-15)
The New Heaven and New Earth: The new heaven and new earth is the final and eternal state of the universe resulting from the renewal of the current, fallen creation, for the glory of God. It will be perfect and perfectly display the glory of God.
(Isaiah 65:17-25; Romans 8:18-25; 2 Peter 3:7-10; Revelation 21)